The Original Game Boy
|Release|| JP: April 21, 1989
NA: July 31, 1989
PAL: September 28, 1990
|Predecessor||Game and Watch|
|Successor||Game Boy Pocket|
The Game Boy is the first product of the Nintendo Game Boy line. It was created by Gunpei Yokoi and Nintendo Research & Development 1—the same staff who had designed the Game & Watch series as well as several popular games for the Nintendo Entertainment System. It was released in 1989 and featured cartridges. It had 4 shade monochromatic graphics on a green screen.
The Game Boy has four operation buttons labeled "A", "B", "SELECT", and "START", as well as a directional pad. There is a volume control dial on the right side of the console and a similar knob to adjust the contrast on the left side. A sliding on-off switch and the slot for the Game Boy cartridges are located at the top of the Game Boy. Normally, users leave the cartridge in the system as recommended by Nintendo to prevent dust and dirt from entering the system.
The Game Boy also contains optional input and/or output connectors. On the left side of the system is an external power supply jack that allows users to use an external rechargeable battery pack or AC adapter (sold separately) instead of four AA batteries. The Game Boy requires 6V DC of at least 250mA.
A 3.5mm stereo headphone jack is located on the bottom side of the console which allows users to listen to the audio with headphones or speakers.
On the right side is a port that allows a user to connect to another Game Boy system via a link cable, provided both users are playing the same game. The port can also be used to connect a Game Boy Printer. The link cable was originally designed for players to play head-to-head two-player games such as in Tetris. However, game developer Satoshi Tajiri would later use the link cable technology as a method of communication and networking in the popular Pokémon video game series.
Technical specifications Edit
- CPU: Custom 8-bit Sharp LR35902core at 4.19 MHz which is similar to an Intel 8080 in that all of the registers introduced in the Z80 are not present. However, some of the Z80's instruction set enhancements over the stock 8080, particularly bit manipulation, is present. Still other instructions are unique to this particular flavor of Z80 CPU. The core also contains integrated sound generation
- RAM: 8 kB internal S-RAM
- Video RAM: 8 kB internal
- ROM: On-CPU-Die 256-byte bootstrap; 256 kb, 512 kb, 1 Mb, 2 Mb, 4 Mb and 8 Mb cartridges
- Sound: 2 square waves, 1 programmable 32-sample 4-bit PCM wave, 1 white noise, and one audio input from the cartridge. The unit only has one speaker, but headphones provide stereo sound (for further information, see Game Boy music)
- Display: Reflective LCD 160 × 144 pixels
- Screen size: 66 mm (2.6 in) diagonal
- Color Palette: 2-bit (4 shades of "grey" (green to (very) dark green))
- Communication: Up to 2 Game Boys can be linked together via built-in serial ports, up to 4 with a DMG-07 4-player adapter. More than 4 players is possible by chaining adapters.
- Power: 6 V, 0.7 W (4 AA batteries provide ~14-35 hours)
- Dimensions: 90 mm (W) x 148 mm (H) x 32 mm (D) / 3.5" x 5.8" 1.3" (in)
- Also, the Gameboy featured Shigeru Myamoto's birthday on the backside of the battery cover. The fourth generation console classic discontinued the day after Pokemon Yellow was released.
Also see Game Boy Accesories